The Mimosa hostilis root bark comes from a tree locally known as Jurema, Jurema Preta, Black Jurema or Vinho de Jurema and is the most desired part of the plant known by the local Shaman for its entheogenic properties.
Family : Leguminosae or Mimosaceae.
Genus: Mimosa Species: hostilis, tenuiflora; verrucosa.
Common names: Jurema Preta (hostilis, tenuiflora), Jurema Branca, Mimosa, Caatinga, white jurema, black jurema.
Another completely unrelated use for this plant comes from Mexico, where the bark of the tree is known under the name Tepezcohuite. Plant chemical compounds which can be found in Mimosa root bark are: tannins, saponins, tryptamines, alkaloids, lipids, phytoindoles, xylose, phytosterols, glucosides, rhamnose, arabinose, methoxychalcones, lupeol and kukulkanins.